Definitions of:

Beneficial owner

Before diving into the details of identifying the ultimate beneficial owners of a Hong Kong company, it’s essential to understand what a beneficial owner is. The beneficial owner is an individual or entity that ultimately owns or controls a company, either directly or indirectly. This person or entity can influence the decision-making of the company, benefit financially from its activities, or both. Beneficial owners can be difficult to identify, as they may use complex ownership structures or nominee arrangements to conceal their ownership or control.

Bank introduction services

Bank introduction services are provided by professionals who specialize in assisting businesses in opening bank accounts in Hong Kong. These services typically include advice on the most suitable banks for the business’s needs, assistance with the application process, and liaison with the bank on behalf of the business. In some cases, bank introduction services may also include assistance with the incorporation process.

Company certificate of tax residence

A company certificate of tax residence is a document that serves as proof of a company’s tax residency in Hong Kong. This certificate is required for businesses looking to take advantage of Hong Kong’s territorial basis of taxation, which taxes only profits earned in Hong Kong. The certificate is issued by the Inland Revenue Department (IRD) of Hong Kong and serves as proof of a company’s tax residency in Hong Kong to tax authorities in other countries.

E-commerce Cloaking

E-commerce cloaking involves presenting different content to search engines and users. This technique is used to manipulate search engine rankings and traffic, as search engines rely on the content of a website or web page to determine its relevance and authority. E-commerce websites that use cloaking may present a different version of their website or web page to search engines, which includes keyword stuffing, hidden text, and other spammy techniques that violate search engine guidelines. The result is a higher search engine ranking, which can lead to increased traffic and sales.

Foreign exchange control

Foreign exchange control refers to government regulations that control the buying and selling of foreign currencies. These regulations can limit the amount of currency that individuals or businesses can purchase or sell, or they can dictate the exchange rate that must be used.

Fit and Proper

The concept of fit and proper refers to the requirement that directors of Hong Kong companies must be of good character, honest, and trustworthy. The term encompasses a range of factors, including integrity, competence, diligence, and compliance with legal and regulatory requirements. The fit and proper requirement is intended to ensure that directors have the necessary skills, experience, and ethical standards to fulfill their duties and responsibilities effectively.

Hong Kong investor visa

An investor visa in Hong Kong is a type of visa that allows foreign entrepreneurs and investors to enter and conduct business in Hong Kong. It is also known as an Investment as Entrepreneurs (I/E) visa or an Investment Visa. The visa is issued under the General Employment Policy (GEP), which is administered by the Immigration Department of the HKSAR.

Hong Kong working visa

A Hong Kong working visa is a type of visa that allows foreign nationals to work in Hong Kong. The visa is issued under the General Employment Policy (GEP), which is administered by the Immigration Department of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) government.

Nominee director

A nominee director in Hong Kong is not a decision-maker in the company, but acts as a representative of the real owner or owners. The real owner or owners retain full control and make all decisions regarding the company, but the nominee director is listed as the official director on all public records and documents, including the company’s articles of incorporation and annual reports.

Nominee shareholder

The Nominee is a third party appointed to hold shares in a company on behalf of another person or entity. The nominee shareholder has no beneficial interest in the shares, but holds them in trust for the actual owner.

Offshore status in Hong Kong

Offshore status in Hong Kong refers to the registration of a non-Hong Kong company in Hong Kong for the purpose of conducting business outside of Hong Kong. Offshore companies in Hong Kong are often referred to as “exempt private companies” and are not subject to Hong Kong’s profits tax on income derived outside of Hong Kong.

Offshore company

An offshore company is a business entity that is registered in a country other than the country where the business is located. Offshore companies are often registered in countries that have favorable tax laws and other regulations that make them attractive to businesses. These companies are also known as international business companies (IBCs).

Place of management

The place of management refers to the location where the key management and commercial decisions for a company are made. This is typically the headquarters or main office of a company where the senior management, directors, and key decision-makers are based. The place of management is used to determine the tax residency of a company and the jurisdiction where it is taxed.

Registered Address

A registered address is the official address of a company as recorded with the Companies Registry in Hong Kong. It is the address to which all official correspondence from the government will be sent, and it must be a physical address within Hong Kong. The registered address is also where the company’s statutory records, such as the company’s register of members and register of directors, must be kept.

Seychelles company

A Seychelles company is an offshore company that is registered in the Seychelles, a country located in the Indian Ocean. Seychelles companies are popular among businesses due to their favorable tax laws, minimal reporting requirements, and high level of privacy.

Substantial presence

Substantial presence refers to the level of business activities and operations conducted in a jurisdiction, and is an important factor in determining tax residency and liability. Businesses and individuals who are considered to have a substantial presence in a jurisdiction are subject to tax on their worldwide income, while those without a substantial presence are only subject to tax on their local income.